Maricopa Community Colleges  HIS145   19966-99999 

Official Course Description: MCCCD Approval: 6-25-1996

HIS145 1996 Fall - 9999

LEC 3.0 Credit(s) 3.0 Period(s) 3.0 LoadAcad

History of Mexico

Survey of the political, economic, and social forces which have shaped the development of Mexico from pre-Columbian times to the present.

Prerequisites: None.


Course Attribute(s):

General Education Designation: Global Awareness - [G]

General Education Designation: Historical Awareness - [H]

General Education Designation: Social and Behavioral Sciences - [SB]

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MCCCD Official Course Competencies:


HIS145 1996 Fall - 9999

History of Mexico



Summarize the social, political, and economic characteristics of Precolumbian Mexico's indigenous groups. (I)


Summarize the history of Spain, especially the significance of the Moorish invasion and the period of the Reconquista. (II, III)


Identify major forces, figures, and events in the Spanish conquest of Mexico. (II)


Explain the "ecologic revolution" which occurred with the meeting of the Old and New Worlds. (III)


Describe establishment, development, and syncretism of culture in the colony of New Spain. (III)


Describe the establishment of the Spanish administrative and judicial structure in Mexico. (III)


Explain the causes of the wars for independence, including philosophies, economics, major figures, and events. (IV)


Describe the major causes of Mexico's political and economic instability following the Wars of Independence. (V)


Describe 19th and 20th century foreign penetration into Mexico. (V, VI)


Describe the Period of Reform and the French intervention in Mexico. (VI)


Describe the Porfiriato and the Mexican Revolution. (VII, VIII)


Describe the political, social, and economic conditions of 20th century Mexico. (IX, X)


Identify principal social groups in contemporary Mexico and explain the relationships among them. (X)


Provide an overview of United States-Mexico relations including trade and emigration to the United States. (X)


Identify and characterize 20th century Mexican writers and artists with emphasis on the muralists. (X)


Identify and locate on a map the major geographical features and principal indigenous groups of Mexico. (XI)

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MCCCD Official Course Outline:


HIS145 1996 Fall - 9999

History of Mexico


I. Precolumbian Mexico's Social, Political, and Economic Characteristics

A. The first Mexicans

B. The classic period

C. Post-classic Mexico

D. Aztec society and culture

II. The Spanish Conquerors

A. Overview of Spanish history

B. The Spanish invasion

C. The fall of Tenochtitlan

D. The settlement of New Spain

III. The Colony of New Spain

A. The imperial system

B. The colonial economy

C. The colonial church

D. Colonial society

1. Race

2. Social status

E. Culture and daily life

IV. The Bourbon Reforms and the Movement Toward Independence

A. The Bourbons restructure New Spain

B. The late colonial period

1. Society

2. Stress

C. The wars for independence and their causes

1. Philosophies

2. Economics

3. Major figures

4. Events

D. The first Mexican empire

V. The Struggle for Unity, 1824-1855

A. The early Mexican Republic, 1824-1833

B. Santa Anna and his impact--what he symbolizes

C. The loss of Texas and the war with the United States

D. The first half of the 19th century

1. Society

2. Culture

VI. The Liberal Victory, 1855-1876

A. From Ayutla to the Reform

B. The French Intervention

C. The restored republic, 1867-1876: nascent modernization

D. The middle of the 19th century

1. Society

2. Culture

VII. The Porfiriato, 1876-1910

A. The making of the Porfiriato

B. The process of stability and modernization

C. The costs of modernization

D. The society and culture

VIII. The Military Phase of the Revolution

A. Rising discontent

1. Middle class concerns

2. The rise of workers' discontent

3. The rural reaction

B. The overthrow of Diaz and the rise of Madero

C. The rise of Huerta

1. American intervention

2. Huerta reforms

D. The Plan de Guadalupe

E. The revolution splinters

1. The rise of Carranza and Obregón

2. Pancho Villa and his defeat

3. Emiliano Zapata and his assassination

F. The Constitution of 1917 and promised reforms

G. The assassination of Carranza

IX. The Institutionalization of the Revolution, 1920-1940

A. Elver Oregon implements the constitution

B. Mexico under Plutarch Calles, 1924-1934

C. Cartons, the revolution, ejidos, and oil

D. Society and culture from Oregon to Cartons

X. The Institutional Revolution Since 1940

A. The retrenchment of neo-liberalism

B. The rise of discontent

1. The problems of workers and campesinos

2. The eruption of 1968 and its aftermath

C. Economics, politics, and oil

D. Foreign policy and trade

E. Since World War II

1. Society

2. Culture

XI. Geography of Mexico

A. Physical geography

B. Cities and states

C. Cultural areas and archeological sites


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