Maricopa Community Colleges  HIS103   19946-99999 

Official Course Description: MCCCD Approval: 2-22-94

HIS103  1994 Fall – 2010 Summer II

LEC  3.0 Credit(s)  3.0 Period(s)  3.0 Load  Acad

United States History to 1870

The political, economic, and social development of United States from Colonial through Reconstruction period.

Prerequisites: None.


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MCCCD Official Course Competencies:



HIS103  1994 Fall – 2010 Summer II

United States History to 1870



Review the "push factors" in England and the "pull factors" in the colonies creating a current of immigration to America. (I)


Describe the early and the permanent settlements in the colonies and their role in the larger economic scheme of the emerging British empire. (I)


Compare the increasing economic and social importance of the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies and note their cultural and religious denominational differences. (I)


Describe the growing political and economic differences between the crown and the colonies, including Parliament laws and colonial non-compliance with imperial decrees leading to the American Revolution. (II)


Describe the major military events of the American Revolution leading to the collapse of British military forces at Yorktown, Virginia. (III)


Describe the role of Hamiltonian federalism and Jeffersonian democracy in creating a strong central government based on 1787 constitution. (IV, V)


Review the economic bonds reinforcing the Union as noted in government land policy, tariffs, role of banks, emergence of a free enterprise system and the industrial North, including the development of the plantation economy of the South. (V)


Describe the salient features of westward expansion in the ante-bellum period and the growth of Jacksonian democracy. (VI)


Describe the plight of the American natives, the War of 1812, and the Battle of New Orleans. (VI)


Describe President Jackson's spoils system and the rise of sectional tension. (VI)


Describe the emergence of the middle class in early America, the growth of a national culture, and the urban life style generated by industrial expansion. (VII)


Describe public and private education and the birth of a new national literary renaissance. (VII)


Describe the doctrine of Manifest Destiny, the Oregon acquisition, the Texas annexation, and the military conquest of the Southwest. (VIII)


Review the 1850 Compromise, the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and sectional tensions leading to Lincoln's election and the formation of the Confederate South. (VIII)


Describe the salient features of the Civil War and the turning points at Antietam, Shiloh, Gettysburg, and Vicksburg that saved the Union. (IX)


Review the demographic and industrial advantage of the North, the Emancipation Proclamation, and the surrender at Appomattox in 1865. (IX)


Review the political significance of Reconstruction and the Freedmen's Bureau, including the congressional passage of the 13th, 14th, and 15th constitutional amendments. (X)


Review the administration of President Grant. (X)


Describe the political reforms and economic revival of the South leading to the white counter-revolution and to the Compromise of 1877. (X)



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MCCCD Official Course Outline:



HIS103  1994 Fall – 2010 Summer II

United States History to 1870



I. Europe discovers America

A. The Southern colonies

1. The lure of the land

2. The House of Burgesses and the plantation economy

3. The peculiar institution

4. Home and family in the colonial south

B. The middle colonies

1. A rising people

2. Politics of diversity

3. Religious tolerance: Quakers, Catholics, and Protestants

C. Colonial New England

1. A covenanted people and family bonds

2. The Puritan Commonwealth

3. The Enlightenment and the Great Awakening

4. Turmoil and challenge in traditional New England

II. America in the British Empire

A. Colonial economic expansion

1. Busy markets, wealthy merchants, prosperous farmers

2. British colonial system

3. The consequences of mercantilism

B. The French and Indian War of 1763

1. The conquest of the Ohio valley

2. The Treaty of Paris

3. The Proclamation Act

4. The Navigation Acts

5. Parliament taps into colonial prosperity

6. Taxation and the intolerable acts

III. The American Revolution

A. First Continental Congress

B. Lexington and Concord

C. Second Continental Congress

D. Bunker Hill

E. 1776 Declaration of Independence

F. Articles of Confederation

G. American diplomacy and anti-British sentiment in Europe

H. Princeton, Trenton, and early military defeats

I. Saratoga and the French alliance

J. Victory at Yorktown, Virginia

IV. Nationalism triumphant

A. Toward a more perfect union

B. Border problems and Daniel Shay's Rebellion

C. Ratifying the Constitution of 1787

D. Washington as president

E. Hamiltonian federalism and financial reform

F. Jeffersonian democracy and the Bill of Rights

G. Pennsylvania Whisky Rebellion

H. The rise of political parties: Federalists and Republicans

I. Washington's farewell and election of John Adams

J. XYZ affair and Alien and Sedition Acts

V. Jefferson democracy

A. Jefferson as president

B. John Marshall and the judiciary

C. The Louisiana Purchase and the Lewis/Clark Expedition

D. Napoleon and British demands

E. Impressment controversy and the Embargo Act

F. War of 1812 and the British offensive

G. Battle of New Orleans and British defeat in 1815

H. Monroe Doctrine and the era of good feelings

VI. Westward expansion in the antebellum period

A. Demise of federalism

B. The Andrew Jackson appeal

C. Indian removals from the south

D. Spoils system and Jackson's bank veto

E. Sectional tension revived

F. Nullification crisis

VII. The making of the middle class in early America

A. de Tocqueville in judgment

B. A restless people and the trend toward towns

C. Strangers at the door: immigration currents

D. Second great awakening

E. Literary writers in search of national roots

F. National literary renaissance

VIII. The Monroe Doctrine, Manifest Destiny, and expansion

A. Oregon acquisition

B. Texas annexation

C. 1846 military conquest of the Southwest

D. Consequences of expansion

E. Compromise of 1850

F. Kansas-Nebraska Act, Dred Scott decision, and sectional crisis

G. President Lincoln's election

H. Formation of the confederate south

IX. The war to save the union

A. Fort Sumter: the first shot

B. Army of the Potomac: the Blue

C. Army of Northern Virginia: the Gray

D. The battle of Antietam

E. Emancipation Proclamation

F. The Battle of Gettysburg

G. War in the West: Shiloh and Vicksburg

H. Grant before Richmond and Sherman in Georgia

I. Appomattox Court House, 1865

X. Reconstruction of the South

A. Presidential reconstruction

B. The assassination of President Lincoln

C. Republican Reconstruction Acts

D. The Freedmen's Bureau

E. The 13th, 14th, and 15th constitutional amendments

F. Grant as president

G. The white counter-revolution in the South

H. The Compromise of 1877



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