Maricopa Community Colleges  BIO205   19986-20055 

Official Course Description: MCCCD Approval: 02/24/98

BIO205 19986-20055


4 Credit(s)
0 Credit(s)

3 Period(s)
3 Period(s)


Study of microorganisms and their relationship to health, ecology, and related fields. Prerequisites: BIO156, or BIO181, or equivalent, or permission of instructor.


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MCCCD Official Course Competencies:



BIO205   19986-20055




Identify the major contributors and describe their contributions to the development of microbiology. (I)


Utilize compound microscope to visualize microbial organisms. (II)


Identify structural characteristics of the major groups of microorganisms. (III)


Compare prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. (III)


Describe physiology and biochemistry common to the various groups of microorganisms as well as differences among groups. (III, IV,XII)


Describe methods of growth and reproduction in various types of microorganisms. (V, XII)


Describe DNA replication, protein synthesis, and mutation in microbes. (VI)


Describe microbial methods of DNA recombination including transformation, conjugation, and transduction. (VII)


Describe techniques and applications of genetic engineering. (VII)


Describe control mechanisms for genetic information in bacteria. (VIII)


Describe control of microorganisms in the environment and the human body. (IX, XI, XII)


Utilize aseptic technique for safe handling of microbes. (X, XII)


Describe human body responses to presence of antigenic substances. (X, XI)


Describe cause, symptoms, course, transmission, and treatment of infectious diseases. (XI)


Identify microorganisms in the laboratory, emphasizing bacteria. (XII)



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MCCCD Official Course Outline:



BIO205   19986-20055




I. Introduction

A. Definition of microbiology

B. Contributors and their contributions

C. Significance of microorganisms in the world around us

II. Microscopy

A. Types of microorganisms

B. Staining techniques

III. Major groups of Microorganisms

A. Bacteria

B. Algae

C. Fungi

D. Protozoa

E. Multicellular parasites

F. Viruses

IV. Physiology and Biochemistry

A. Atoms and molecules

B. Bonds and reactions

C. Organic molecules

D. Enzymes

E. Cellular respiration

F. Fermentation

G. Cataolism

H. Anabolism

V. Reproduction

A. Binary fission

B. Viral lysis

C. Viral lysogeny

VI. Bacterial Genetics

A. DNA replication

B. Transcription

C. Translation

D. Mutation

VII. Recombinant DNA

A. Transformation

B. Conjugation

C. Transduction

D. Genetic engineering

1. Tools

2. Techniques

3. Applications

VIII. Control Mechanisms

A. Feedback inhibition

B. Induction

C. Repression

D. Catabolic repression

IX. Control of Microorganisms

A. Use of chemicals

1. Disinfection

2. Antisepsis

3. Sterilization

B. Physical means of microbial control

C. Antimicrobial control

D. Epidemiology

X. Human Response to Antigenic Substances

A. Initial defense mechanisms to foreign invasion

B. Phagocytosis

C. Nature of antigens

D. Antibody formation

E. Immunization

F. Hypersensitivity

G. Immunologic disorders

H. Transplantation

I. Cancer

XI. Microorganisms and Selected Infectious Diseases

A. Microbial virulence

B. Identification of infectious agents

XII. Safe Handling, Growth, and Identification of Microorganisms

A. Inoculation

B. Aseptic technique

C. Morphological and physical characteristics for bacterial identification

D. Use of Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology

E. Culture techniques

F. Types of Media

G. Phases of growth


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