Maricopa Community Colleges  ASB230   19956-99999 

Official Course Description: MCCCD Approval: 6-27-1995

ASB230  1995 Fall - 9999

LEC  3.0 Credit(s)  3.0 Period(s)  3.0 Load  Acad

Principles of Archaeology

Introduction to archaeological methods and theory.

Prerequisites: None.


Course Attribute(s):

General Education Designation: Social and Behavioral Sciences - [SB]

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MCCCD Official Course Competencies:


ASB230  1995 Fall - 9999

Principles of Archaeology



Define the nature of archaeology as a social science. (I)


List and describe the major events in the history of archaeology. (II)


Contrast the different approaches to the study of archaeology. (III)


Describe the purpose and process of archaeological research and data acquisition. (IV, V, VI)


Describe methods used to date archaeological finds. (VII)


Identify and analyze the ways archaeologists reconstruct human behavior. (VIII)


Explain the relevancy of archaeology in today's society. (IX)

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MCCCD Official Course Outline:


ASB230  1995 Fall - 9999

Principles of Archaeology


I. Archaeology as a Social Science

A. Archaeology and the scientific method

B. Archaeology and history

C. Archaeology and anthropology

II. Origins of Archaeology

A. Collectors and antiquarians

B. Transition to modern archaeology

III. Approaches to the Study of Archaeology

A. Culture history

B. Cultural process

C. Postprocessual archaeology

IV. The Nature of Archaeological Data

A. Artifacts and features

B. Archaeological

C. Context

D. Data acquisition

E. Data analysis

V. Archaeological Research

A. The scope of research

B. Research designs

C. Ethnographic analogy

D. Case study in research design

VI. Archaeological Survey and Excavation

A. Methods for sampling

B. Reconnaissance and surface survey

C. Excavation

VII. Archaeological Age Determination

A. Relative dating

B. Chronometric dating

VIII. Reconstruction of Past Human Behavior

A. Technology

B. Environment

C. Subsistence

D. Exchange

E. Settlement patterns

F. Population

G. Ideology and symbols

IX. Archaeology in Today's Society

A. Cultural resources and cultural resource management

B. Contract archaeology

C. Preservation of the archaeological record

D. Working with native peoples


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