Maricopa Community Colleges  ASB234   20056-99999 

Official Course Description: MCCCD Approval: 6-28-2005

ASB234  2007 Fall - 9999

LEC  3.0 Credit(s)  3.0 Period(s)  3.0 Load  Acad

Art and Archaeology of Ancient Egypt

Introduction to the major social, political, religious and economic institutions of Ancient Egypt. The historical events and people that shaped Egyptian civilization.

Prerequisites: None.


Course Attribute(s):

General Education Designation: Historical Awareness - [H]

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MCCCD Official Course Competencies:


ASB234  2007 Fall - 9999

Art and Archaeology of Ancient Egypt



Explain the history of Egyptology and the events that unlocked the mysteries of Ancient Egypt. (I)


Describe the major gods and ideological practices of the Egyptians during various time periods. (II)


Compare and contrast the various theories on the origins of food production and the rise civilization in the Nile River Valley. (III)


Describe the processes that resulted in the appearance of the first unified state in the ancient world. (III)


Analyze the major events and people for each major time division and trace the cyclical nature of Egyptian civilization. (III, VII)


Integrate the spread of Egyptian culture throughout the Mediterranean during the New Kingdom and Late Periods into the larger historical framework. (VI, VII)


Compare and contrast the various architectural styles and major archaeological remains found in Egypt (and museums worldwide). (III, IV, V, VI, VII)

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MCCCD Official Course Outline:


ASB234  2007 Fall - 9999

Art and Archaeology of Ancient Egypt


I. History of Egyptology

A. Development of Egyptology as a science

B. Major Finds and Individuals that Brought the Ancient Civilization Alive Again (E.g.: Giovanni Belzoni, Champollion, Sir Flinders Petrie, Howard Carter)

II. Egyptian Religion and Mythology

A. Cult of the Dead

B. Origins and practice of mummification

C. Major Gods

D. Ideology and Mythology

1. Creation Stories

2. Myth of Cataclysm

3. Osiris and Isis

III. Predynastic and Early Dynastic Egypt

A. Land of the Nile (geography and climate)

B. Origins of agriculture and sedentary life

1. Oasis Theory

2. Population Pressure Theory

C. Origins of Egyptian religion (earliest indications of organized religion)

D. Beginning of civilization

1. Hydraulic Theory

2. Circumscription Theory

3. Trade Theory

E. Unification of Egypt and establishment of 1st state

1. King Scorpion

2. King Narmer (Catfish)

F. Appearance of Hieroglyphs

G. Earliest Literature: Pyramid Texts

IV. Old Kingdom

A. Characteristics of the Old Kingdom

B. The time of the Pyramids

1. Who built the pyramids?

2. How were they built?

C. Rising power of nomes and religious institutions

D. 1st period of collapse: when and why?

V. Middle Kingdom

A. Characteristics of the Middle Kingdom

B. Reunification

C. Revival of art and architecture

1. Amulets

2. Beni Hasan Tombs

D. 2nd period of collapse and 1st appearance of foreigners (Hyksos from Syria-Palestine)

VI. New Kingdom

A. Characteristics of the New Kingdom

B. Egypt as a military-state; Egyptian Imperialism in Nubia and Syria-Palestine

C. Relations with neighboring civilizations (Ex: Hittitites, Mitannians, Assyrians and Syria-Palestine)

D. Akhenaten and the introduction of monotheism

E. Hatshepsut, the 1st female ruler

F. Art and architecture

1. New Kingdom Temples

(a). Karnak/Luxor

(b). Abu Simbel

2. New Kingdom Mortuary Temples: Deir el-Bahri

3. New burial styles: Valley of the Kings/Queens

VII. Late Periods

A. Coming of Greeks and Romans

1. Alexander the Great

2. The Ptolemies

3. Julius Caesar and Cleopatra

B. Appearance of Christianity and Loss of Egyptian culture


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